Carbohydrate periodisation_ all you need to know – _ boxing news – boxing news, results, rankings, schedules since 1909

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ONE of the most exciting developments in sports nutrition over the past 10 years is the concept of carbohydrate periodisation.

WHAT

PERIODISATION is known as the systematic planning of athletic or physical training to ensure that performance peaks in time for competition. It has only been recently that certain boxing coaches and/or nutritionists have begun to strategically periodise the nutrition of their boxer in line with


their training goals, fight-night schedule and specific body-composition goals.

This concept of nutritional periodisation means that you are essentially manipulating the type, timing and the total amount of foods being eaten in line with the type, intensity and volume of training being undertaken. As previously fighters may have eaten the same types and amounts of foods at the same time of day every day, which may have actually been counter-productive from a performance and body-composition perspective.

It is specifically carbohydrate periodisation that has received the most attention as by changing the type, amount and timing of carbohydrate intake around training sessions and fight night can provide the nutritional basis for promoting training adaptation (how the body changes and develops to meet the demands of the training session), achieving a desirable body composition/weight and ultimately maximising performance.

HOW

GIVEN that the intensity and volume of boxing-specific training, conditioning and sparring will change on a daily and weekly basis, with some sessions including high-intensity exercise whilst others consisting of moderate or low-intensity exercise, this means that a boxer’s diet should also change to meet the energy demands of the aforementioned sessions to help achieve the intended body composition goals of the fighter, whether that is losing or gaining weight whilst providing enough energy for the session.

For example, recent research has suggested that by deliberating restricting carbs around carefully chosen training sessions, i. e. before morning runs or in the recovery period (up to two hours) after carefully selected training sessions, this can actually enhance training adaptation and potentially promote fat loss. But then of course when it comes to key training sessions whereby high intensities are needed to be maintained for prolonged periods of time or in the 24-48 hours (depending on weigh-in time) leading up to fight night it is important to ensure adequate carbohydrate intake.

Also, if you are having a rest day is it really necessary to consume large amounts of carbohydrates? The answer would typically be no. Similarly, late at night when you will not be that active but are instead relaxing or resting, it may not be necessary to consume carbohydrates at this time – as these carbohydrates may potentially contribute to fat storage due to the inactivity of the individual before bed.

VERDICT

ABOVE are only two of the many examples by which an individual can manipulate their carbohydrate intake in line with what their day-to-day training schedule looks like. When this is performed over the week then fighters are beginning to periodise their nutritional intake with their weekly training schedule, and the same over months. However when periodising carbohydrate intake it is important to consume and maintain a high intake of different protein sources on a daily basis to promote muscle growth and repair as well as contributing to a number of other essential factors.

Finally, the idea of periodising nutrition depends on a number of factors, such as, what your goals are, the length of your training camp, the duration, intensity and volume of your training schedule and your injury status to name only a few. These factors should therefore always be considered when creating a well-structured, individualised and periodised nutritional plan.

CONTACT

Twitter: @MarcFell1

Email: j. m.fell@2014.ljmu. ac. uk

Boxing News sits at the heart of the boxing scene. We want to share with you our passion by guiding you through the world of boxing, share our ringside seats and experiences, to listen to your opinions as we form our own, and to retain the integrity and excitement that seduces boxing fans around the world.

Boxing News was founded in 1909 by original editor John Murray as, simply, Boxing. Murray had been a regular contributor to

Health & Strength magazine and convinced its owner, Bill Berry (later Lord Camrose) to launch a weekly magazine dedicated

solely to boxing. It is believed Murray had been inspired by Jack Johnson beating Tommy Burns to become the first black

World heavyweight champion. In his first editorial, Murray stated, “Boxing will stand for good clean sport. Its success

of failure is in the hands of those who believe in sport of this character. Our energies will be devoted to giving the

best paper that time, thought and money can devise.” When circulation began to decline in the depression days of the late 20s,

the name of the magazine was changed to Boxing, Racing and Football. In October 1931, the paper was sold to a syndicate of London

sportsmen, who installed Sydney Rushton, a long-time London fight reporter, as the new editor. The layout changed, the page size

was increased and Rushton proved less popular than Murray. The paper was again put up for sale and, while waiting for a buyer,

the old features were reinstated and there was no official Editor. Another set of sportsmen bought the paper and Godfrey

Williams was named editor. He attempted to run Boxing as a newspaper, cutting popular features and reducing news stories

down to the shortest possible length. The circulation quickly dropped to its lowest ever.

Billy Masters, a city printer and huge boxing fan, saved the paper, appointing W. H. Millier as the new editor. He completely

reinvigorated the magazine, helped in no small measure by its first colour cover.

In 1935, Millier departed and the owner replaced him with Sydney Ackland, who had previously worked as John Murray’s assistant

editor and had been taught by him. World War II brought many changes as first Sydney, then replacement Stanley Nelson,

contributed to the war effort. Murray made a popular comeback as editor but ill health forced him to step down in 1941.

Gilbert Odd took over until the building housing the paper was destroyed by the enemy. Odd was then called up for national

service and both Masters and Murray served further terms. Now with the new name of Boxing News, the paper was bought by

Australian publicist Vivian Brodzky and former promoter Sydney Hulls. Northern sports writer Bert Callis was the new editor.

Odd took over for a second term upon Callis’ retirement. Odd implemented the tradition of reporting the results and fighters’

weights for every single fight in the country. When Odd quit to write books, he was succeeded by Jack Wilson and then Tim Riley.

When Brodzky died, Boxing News was sold twice in quick succession, and Graham Houston became editor in 1971, immediately broadening

the range of coverage, especially in North America. Houston left in 1977 to work on morning newspapers in Canada. This prompted the

appointment of perhaps BN’s greatest Editor of recent years, Harry Mullan. Circulation increased exponentially during the Mullan years,

which doubled as a time of great change in the boxing world. Most notable new developments were the proliferation of ‘world’ titles

and the increase in the number of major British promoters. Mullan was fiercely principled and tremendously well respected in the

boxing fraternity. When Mullan left in October 1996, he was given this glowing tribute from then BN Publisher Peter Kravitz: “His

writing stands comparison with the Lieblings, Hausers and Mailers of this century of boxing.”

Assistant Editor Claude Abrams succeeded Mullan in November 1996. Boxing News was redesigned and switched to a full-colour format

and become more extensive in content. In March 1999 the paper went to A3 size before reverting to A4, and increasing in size to 48 pages (from 24) in September 2005. The magazine remained the main trade paper in Britain. Abrams left BN – after 22 years – in December 2009, just three months after the publication celebrated its centenary, and was succeeded as editor by Tris Dixon.

Tris left the magazine in December 2014, with Matt Christie taking over as editor.

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